Our kidneys are organs located at the bottom of the rib cage, on both sides of the spine, and they perform important functions.
However their most important function is they filter waste products, extra water, and other impurities from the bloodstream. These waste materials are housed in the bladder and later removed through urine.
Our kidney also regulate pH, salt, and potassium levels, while also producing hormones that control blood pressure and production of red blood cells.
They are also responsible for activating a form of vitamin D that helps our bodies absorb calcium for building bones and regulating muscle function.
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Here are some ways to keep your kidneys healthy;
1. Keep active and fit
Exercise is great for more than just a waistline. It lowers the risk of kidney disease and reduces blood pressure, while also boosting heart health, both of which important to preventing kidney damage.
You don’t need to run marathons to reap the reward of exercise. Just walked be regular and activities like running, walking, and even dancing are great for your health.
2. Control blood sugar
People who have diabetes or a condition that causes high blood sugar, can develop kidney damage.
If you control your sugar, you reduce the risk of damage. Also, if damage is detected early, your doctor can take steps to reduce or prevent additional damage.
3. Look out for blood pressure
High BP causes kidney damage. Ideally your blood pressure should be 120/80. Prehypertension is between that and 139/89. Lifestyle and dietary changes help lower blood pressure at this point.
If blood pressure readings are consistently above 140/90, you could have high blood pressure. You should consult with a doctor about handling your blood pressure regularly, making lifestyle changes to your lifestyle, and possibly taking some medicine.
4. Control weight and have a healthy diet
People who are overweight are at risk of a number of health conditions that harm the kidneys, like diabetes, heart disease, and kidney disease.
A healthy diet low in sodium, processed food, and other harmful materials will help reduce the risk of kidney damage. Focus on
fresh ingredients that are natural, low-sodium, like cauliflower, blueberries, fish, whole grains, and more.
Smoking harms the body’s blood vessels which causes slower blood flow in your body and to the kidneys.
It also increases the risk of your kidneys developing cancer. If you can quit smoking, your risk will decrease. However, it’ll take time to get to the risk level of a person who’s never smoked before.