One of Delhi’s best cardiologists explains… 

Heart disease is the primary cause of death in the world and what is most alarming is the rise in the number of young people succumbing to this. After a certain age or after some warning signs due to other reasons, getting regular heart checkups is very important. So if you’re looking for heart checkups in Dwarka, you can visit our hospital for heart disease (in Dwarka)

During a heart checkup, a doctor will  look out for any signs of heart disease and assess the risk of developing heart disease in the future. . Some risk factors are high blood pressure and cholesterol, high blood sugar, being overweight and obese and  certain lifestyle choices like tobacco and alcohol consumption. 

Some heart health foundations recommended that screening tests should begin as early as age 20, given the growing number of young people succumbing to heart disease. We all know the coronavirus pandemic is still very much a reality we cannot ignore, but a heart condition is something you definitely can’t ignore. Schedule your appointments well in advance and consult a doctor who can help you learn which screenings are relevant for you and how many times you should get them. 

Get a doctor’s help immediatel if any of these symptoms occur

          A feeling of discomfort or pain in the chest

          Fluttering in the chest

          Slowing or racing heartbeat

          Shortness of breath

          Feeling dizzy

          Extreme fatigue

          Swelling in the feet or abdomen

These are more or less the major symptoms of a heart condition which needs immediate attention. Regular heart health screening is a very important part of preventive healthcare for adults. From around the age of 20, even earlier in some cases,, your doctor will most likely recommend you get many screening tests regularly. In case the results of the screening tests show signs of heart disease or high risk of developing heart disease in the future, your doctor may mandate some additional tests.

Family history is also taken into account to determine when the testing should start and with what frequency.

Routine tests

Even if there is no history of heart disease, these tests are recommended generally

          Blood pressure and cholesterol tests, beginning by the by age20 for most people

          Blood glucose tests, starting by  40 to 45 for most

          Body mass index (BMI) measurement

 

Some may recommend high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) testing which measures C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation or infection that’s associated with higher risk of heart attack. 

Other heart tests

If a doctor believes you may have heart disease, they may order some of the following tests to better assess the condition of your heart:

          Electrocardiography (ECG, EKG). Tiny sticky electrodes are put on to your chest and attached to  machine known an an ECG machine which will record a heart’s electrical activity and give information about your heart rate and rhythm.

          Exercise cardiac stress test. Electrodes are stuck on to your chest and attached to an ECG machine. Then you’ll have to walk or run on a treadmill, or pedal on a stationary cycle, while healthcare professionals assess your heart’s response to the physical stress. 

          Echocardiography. An ultrasound machine will create moving images of your heart to determine whether you have problems with the pumping of your heart, and to assess the valves. 

          Nuclear stress test. A minuscule amount of radioactive dye will be  injected into your bloodstream from where it will travel to the heart., and using an imaging machine a healthcare professional will learn how blood is flowing through your heart.

          Cardiac CT scan for calcium scoring. You’ll be placed under a CT scanner with electrodes attached on the chest to record the heart’s electrical activity. A healthcare professional will uses a CT scanner to re-create images of your heart and check for any plaque that may have built up in the coronary arteries.

          Coronary CT angiography (CTA). Similar to cardiac CT scans, you’ll be made to  lie under a CT scanner with electrodes attached to the chest in order for a healthcare professional to record the heart’s activity and render pictures of it based on the CT scan images. A contrast dye will be injected into the  bloodstream to make it easier for doctors to check for plaque buildup in the coronary arteries.

          Coronary catheter angiography. A tiny tube, or catheter, is inserted into the groin or arm and careered through an artery to the heart. Contrast dye is injected via the catheter and a healthcare professional will  take  X-ray images of your heart, allowing them to check whether the  coronary arteries are narrowed or blocked.

If diagnosed with a heart disease, you may have to go in for a combination of changes in lifestyle, medication, or any other treatment to manage it.

A heart checkup test isn’t all that complicated 

A regular heart health checkup doesn’t usually  involve any complicated tests. To monitor your heart’s health, your doctor will measure your weight and assess BMI, measure blood pressure, order a few blood tests to check for cholesterol and blood sugar, enquire about your diet, activity, ask about personal and family medical history and ask whether you’ve noticed changes in your overall health recently. 

Monitoring the parameters of your heart is as important as any other aspect of your overall health. Don’t skip out on regular heart check ups because of coronavirus, hospitals like ours follow all international protocols and safety measures, with isolated consultation and testing areas. Heart conditions are serious, and should not be left by the wayside. 

If you’re looking for heart treatment in Dwarka, this article from one the best cardiologists in Dwarka can be of help, especially if you’re a woman. Here are a few facts on cardiac health in women to them to help them better cope with one of the biggest health issues of our day: heart disease.

Heart diseases are the leading cause of death in men and women the world over and this is true for Indians as well. The risk of heart diseases for both sexes is high, but heart disease affects men and women differently. Of the deaths that are reported in India, cardiovascular diseases cause 20.3% deaths in men and 16.9 % deaths in women.

In fact more women die of heart disease than men each year, yet heart disease and related risk factors are often overlooked in women, and this is cause for concern. The symptoms of coronary artery disease and heart attack, for instance, are quite different in women than men.

 

Women looking for heart surgery in Dwarka should keep these facts in mind before going in for surgery.

 

The risk factors for women:

Although several common risk factors for coronary artery disease like high cholesterol, high blood pressure and obesity do affect women and men, some other factors may play a greater role in the development of heart disease in women. For example, risk factors for women include:

  • Women who have diabetes are at greater risk of developing heart disease than men with diabetes.
  • Mental stress and depression. Women’s cardiovascular health is affected by stress and depression more than men.
  • For women, smoking is a far greater risk factor for heart problems than it is for men.
  • Absence or lack of physical activity is a major risk factor for heart disease, and some research has found women to be more inactive compared to men.
  • Low levels of estrogen after menopause pose a significant risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease in the smaller blood vessels.
  • Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy for cancer, such as those used to treat breast cancer can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Pregnancy complications. High blood pressure or diabetes during pregnancy can increase a woman’s long-term risk of high blood pressure and diabetes and increases the risk of developing heart disease in mothers.

 

Coronary Artery Disease is the most common type of heart disease and develops when your coronary arteries become damaged or diseased.

 

When the coronary arteries become narrowed or blocked, it means there is less blood flowing into the heart; in some cases, atherosclerotic plaque can rupture and blood flow is abruptly and completely blocked. CAD can cause:

  • Chest pain (angina)
  • Heart Attack or Myocardial infraction
  • Breathlessness on exertion/ heart failure
  • Heart Rhythm problems manifesting as palpitations

Women usually tend to have different and more subtle symptoms and are treated less aggressively compared to men.

 

Reducing the risk of heart disease 

 

Women can make lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of heart disease like-

  • Quit smoking, or don’t begin
  • Exercise regularly
  • Keep a healthy weight.
  • Follow a balanced diet that includes whole grains, a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, and lean meats. Avoid saturated or trans fat, added sugars, and high amounts of salt.

We must remember that a woman’s risk of dying from heart disease is eight times greater than that of breast cancer!

Most women are busy taking care of everyone else, and their own wellbeing and health tends to fall last, and that shouldn’t be the case. Women need to make their cardiovascular health a priority and encourage others to do the same.